The cover must have the following information:
The thesis title must be concise and descriptive of the content. The title can be divided into two parts, in which case it is divided into a title and subtitle. For example, the title may be a quote from the material used in the research. The subtitle is often necessary to illustrate the scope of the subject.
The easiest alternative is to use the prepared template for covers. Layouts below.
For works other than theses, guidelines on covers vary depending on the course.
The following information must be at the beginning of the abstract
The abstract text itself comes after this basic information. Add keywords describing the work to the bottom edge of the abstract page.
Abstract serves as a maturity test in Master's thesis. In the abstract text, include information about the background or starting point of the research, the research problem or research purpose, theory, key concepts, methods used, materials, key findings and research results, and conclusions and interpretations.
If the thesis author’s language of schooling is Finnish or Swedish, they have to write the abstract in either Finnish or Swedish also in case the thesis is written in English. If the thesis author's language of schooling is not Finnish, the abstract may be written in English.
Abstract length should be one page (approx 400-450 words). The abstract text is added to the thesis information when the thesis is saved. The abstract is publicly available and can be found by search engines.
Keywords describe key concepts of the thesis. The thesis keywords (5–8) are included at the end of the abstract. Keywords are written in the same language as the thesis and can be discussed with the supervisor. Keywords are an important tool for potential readers, making the work easier to find.
Only words found in YSO are accepted in Osuva. The point of the keyword is not to be individual, but to tell what subject the work is related to.
List images, figures, and tables by title and page number below the table of contents. Do not include citations in the table of contents. If there are no more than three images, figures, and tables, they do not necessarily need their own lists.
When applicable, theses must also include a list of symbols and abbreviations. List characters, abbreviations, symbols, and terms and their explanations/definitions when they are not self-evident to the reader in alphabetical order by group: for example, first the Greek letters, then the Roman letters, and finally the abbreviations.
The list of abbreviations is titled “Abbreviations” and includes standard abbreviations, legal and other abbreviations (such as standard abbreviations of papers) used in the thesis. For statutes, include both the full name and the number. The list of abbreviations only contains the abbreviations used. For example, a statute is not included in the list of abbreviations if no abbreviation for the statute is used. When the thesis includes a list of abbreviations, abbreviations do not need to be explained in the text. If the thesis has only a few abbreviations, consider explaining the abbreviations in the text the first time they occur instead of including a list of abbreviations.
Add possible appendices to the thesis after the bibliography. Add headings to the appendices, number them sequentially, add page numbers and also list them in the table of contents. For example, the questions or interview forms used, other records related to data collection, and possible examples of materials can be added as an appendix. Never add all the material to the thesis as an appendix. Illustrative figures and tables about the content of the thesis can also be included as appendices if they are too large to be placed in the text.