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LibGuides

Publishing in the university's own series: List of references

Writing instructions for University of Vaasa series Acta Wasaensia, University of Vaasa Research Papers and University of Vaasa Reports

Reference management tools

Preparation of the list of references

A list of references (headed References) is placed at the end of the work, before appendices. The purpose of references is to allow the reader to easily locate a particular source. The names of the published sources may be typed in italics. English nouns in book titles are written with the initial letter in capitals. The title of an article in a serial publication is written without extra capital letters; nouns in the title of the publication series are written with the initial letters in capitals.

The sources are listed in alphabetical order. If necessary, references can be divided with certain criteria, for example: primary sources/secondary sources, electronic sources/ paper sources, laws, etc.

The following details shall be given in the following order:

1 Creator (author/s or corporative author/s or screen name. If person, creator’s family name and the initial letter of the given name/s). The names of several creators are separated by &.
2 Year of publication (in brackets).
3 Exact title and volume of the work, article or writing. In the case of an article, also the title and volume of the journal, periodical or entire work. In the case of a newspaper article, the name and date of the issue. In the case of a web page, the name of web service and date.
4 Number of the edition, if not the first.
6 Place of publication, in the form it is given in the work.
 7 Publisher.

Electronic sources

5 Type of medium [e.g. web address, CD-ROM, ONLINE, electronic journal, electronic document, optical disk, e-mail].
8 Time of the latest update.
9 Time of the reference: the date on which the source was referred to. This is important because websites are being updated on a continuous basis. Optional, if publication has a persistent identifier.
10 A persistent identifier, for example DOI, Handle or URN, in the form of a URL
If web document does not have a persistent identifier, the website (availability and web address) and date of archiving and address to archived version.
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